There is a one-to-one relationship between a TCP Transport Connection and an Upper Layer Association. Therefore, the following rules apply:
a) Each Upper Layer Association shall be supported by one and only one TCP Transport Connection.
b) Each TCP Transport Connection shall support one and only one Upper Layer Association.
The Services provided by the TCP Transport Services are not formally documented. This section, therefore, makes use of “commonly” used terms in a number of TCP Programming Interface Implementations (e.g. Sockets). However, the following RFCs shall be required for TCP/IP support. They specify the support needed for IPv4.
a) RFC 793, Transmission Control Program - DARPA Internet Protocol Specification
b) RFC 791, Internet Protocol - DARPA Internet Protocol Specification
c) RFC 792, Internet Control Message Protocol - DARPA Internet Program Protocol Specification
d) RFC 950, Internet Subnetting
In addition, devices that support IPv6 shall comply with:
a) RFC 1881, IPv6 Address Allocation Management
b) RFC 2460, Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6) Specification
Note: There are many other RFC’s that may also apply to a particular implementation depending upon specific selections of hardware and software features.
For the establishment of a TCP connection, a TCP port shall be used to serve as the transport selector. A DICOM UL entity is identified on a given system on the network by a port number unique within the scope of this system. Port numbers of remote DICOM UL entities (well known port number or other numbers) shall be configurable on DICOM UL entities.
Note: It is strongly recommended that systems supporting a single DICOM UL entity use as their port the “well known port” registered for the DICOM Upper Layer Protocol: port number 104 (decimal), if the operating system permits access to privileged ports (in the range 0 to 1023), otherwise it is recommended that they use the “registered” port number 11112 (decimal). See “http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers”.
Application Entities may also choose to access the TCP Transport Services via a Secure Transport Connection. The nature of this Secure Transport Connection is specified through Security Profiles (see PS 3.15). Security Profiles select minimum mechanisms needed to support that profile. Other mechanisms may also be used if agreed to during establishment of the Secure Transport Connection.
Notes: 1. DICOM does not specify how a secure transport connection is established, or the significance of any certificates exchanged during peer entity authentication. These issues are left up to the application, which is assumed to be following some security policy. Once the application has established a secure Transport Connection, then an Upper Layer Association can use that secure channel.
2. There may be an interaction between PDU size and record size of the secure Transport Connection that impacts efficiency of transport.
3. Registered ports for Secure Transport Connections are defined in PS3.15.