Annex B Well-known Color Palettes (Normative)

B.1 Standard Color Palettes

Table B.1-1 lists the color palettes that are defined by the DICOM Standard.

Table B.1-1 Standard Color Palettes

Well-known SOP Instance UID Content Label (0070,0080) Content Description (0070,0081) Section URL of Reference Encoded Instance
1.2.840.10008.1.5.1 HOT_IRON Hot Iron B.1.1 ftp://medical.nema.org/Medical/Dicom/Palettes/hotiron.dcm
1.2.840.10008.1.5.2 PET PET B.1.2 ftp://medical.nema.org/Medical/Dicom/Palettes/pet.dcm
1.2.840.10008.1.5.3 HOT_METAL_BLUE Hot Metal Blue B.1.3 ftp://medical.nema.org/Medical/Dicom/Palettes/hotmetalblue.dcm
1.2.840.10008.1.5.4 PET_20_STEP PET 20 Step B.1.4 ftp://medical.nema.org/Medical/Dicom/Palettes/pet20step.dcm

B.1.1 Hot Iron Color Palette

B.1.1.1 Hot Iron Color Palette Description (Informative)

The Hot Iron color palette is often used in nuclear medicine applications to make differences in signal intensity (counts) more apparent to the human observer. A typical example is illustrated in Figure B.1.1.1-1.

[pic]

Figure B.1.1.1-1Nuclear Medicine image with and without Hot Iron Palette applied.

B.1.1.2 Hot Iron Color Palette Definition

The ICC Profile shall define the sRGB space.

The value of Content Label (0070,0080) shall be “HOT_IRON”.

This color palette is defined to contain the values for Red Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1101), Green Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1102) and Blue Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1103) defined in Table B.1.1.2-1.

Table B.1.1.2-1 Hot Iron Color Palette Descriptor

Value 1 (Number of entries) Value 2 (First value mapped) Value 3 (Number of bits)
256 0 8

This color palette is defined to contain the values in Table B.1.1.2-2, where the values in the columns Red,Green and Blue are the values of the Red Palette Color Lookup Table Data (0028,1201), Green Palette Color Lookup Table Data (0028,1202) and Blue Palette Color Lookup Table Data (0028,1203), respectively.

Table B.1.1.2-2 Hot Iron Color Palette Data

Red Green Blue
0 0 0
2 0 0
4 0 0
6 0 0
8 0 0
10 0 0
12 0 0
14 0 0
16 0 0
18 0 0
20 0 0
22 0 0
24 0 0
26 0 0
28 0 0
30 0 0
32 0 0
34 0 0
36 0 0
38 0 0
40 0 0
42 0 0
44 0 0
46 0 0
48 0 0
50 0 0
52 0 0
54 0 0
56 0 0
58 0 0
60 0 0
62 0 0
64 0 0
66 0 0
68 0 0
70 0 0
72 0 0
74 0 0
76 0 0
78 0 0
80 0 0
82 0 0
84 0 0
86 0 0
88 0 0
90 0 0
92 0 0
94 0 0
96 0 0
98 0 0
100 0 0
102 0 0
104 0 0
106 0 0
108 0 0
110 0 0
112 0 0
114 0 0
116 0 0
118 0 0
120 0 0
122 0 0
124 0 0
126 0 0
128 0 0
130 0 0
132 0 0
134 0 0
136 0 0
138 0 0
140 0 0
142 0 0
144 0 0
146 0 0
148 0 0
150 0 0
152 0 0
154 0 0
156 0 0
158 0 0
160 0 0
162 0 0
164 0 0
166 0 0
168 0 0
170 0 0
172 0 0
174 0 0
176 0 0
178 0 0
180 0 0
182 0 0
184 0 0
186 0 0
188 0 0
190 0 0
192 0 0
194 0 0
196 0 0
198 0 0
200 0 0
202 0 0
204 0 0
206 0 0
208 0 0
210 0 0
212 0 0
214 0 0
216 0 0
218 0 0
220 0 0
222 0 0
224 0 0
226 0 0
228 0 0
230 0 0
232 0 0
234 0 0
236 0 0
238 0 0
240 0 0
242 0 0
244 0 0
246 0 0
248 0 0
250 0 0
252 0 0
254 0 0
255 0 0
255 2 0
255 4 0
255 6 0
255 8 0
255 10 0
255 12 0
255 14 0
255 16 0
255 18 0
255 20 0
255 22 0
255 24 0
255 26 0
255 28 0
255 30 0
255 32 0
255 34 0
255 36 0
255 38 0
255 40 0
255 42 0
255 44 0
255 46 0
255 48 0
255 50 0
255 52 0
255 54 0
255 56 0
255 58 0
255 60 0
255 62 0
255 64 0
255 66 0
255 68 0
255 70 0
255 72 0
255 74 0
255 76 0
255 78 0
255 80 0
255 82 0
255 84 0
255 86 0
255 88 0
255 90 0
255 92 0
255 94 0
255 96 0
255 98 0
255 100 0
255 102 0
255 104 0
255 106 0
255 108 0
255 110 0
255 112 0
255 114 0
255 116 0
255 118 0
255 120 0
255 122 0
255 124 0
255 126 0
255 128 4
255 130 8
255 132 12
255 134 16
255 136 20
255 138 24
255 140 28
255 142 32
255 144 36
255 146 40
255 148 44
255 150 48
255 152 52
255 154 56
255 156 60
255 158 64
255 160 68
255 162 72
255 164 76
255 166 80
255 168 84
255 170 88
255 172 92
255 174 96
255 176 100
255 178 104
255 180 108
255 182 112
255 184 116
255 186 120
255 188 124
255 190 128
255 192 132
255 194 136
255 196 140
255 198 144
255 200 148
255 202 152
255 204 156
255 206 160
255 208 164
255 210 168
255 212 172
255 214 176
255 216 180
255 218 184
255 220 188
255 222 192
255 224 196
255 226 200
255 228 204
255 230 208
255 232 212
255 234 216
255 236 220
255 238 224
255 240 228
255 242 232
255 244 236
255 246 240
255 248 244
255 250 248
255 252 252
255 255 255

B.1.2 PET Color Palette

B.1.2.1 PET Color Palette Description (Informative)

The PET color palette is often used in PET applications to pseudo-color the superimposed PET images when displayed fused with underlying CT images. A typical example is illustrated in Figure B.1.2.1-1.

[pic]

Figure B.1.2.1-1PET image with PET Palette superimposed over grayscale CT image.

B.1.2.2 PET Color Palette Definition

The ICC Profile shall define the sRGB space.

The value of Content Label (0070,0080) shall be “PET”.

This color palette is defined to contain the values for Red Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1101), Green Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1102) and Blue Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1103) defined in Table B.1.2.2-1.

Table B.1.2.2-1 PET Color Palette Descriptor

Value 1 (Number of entries) Value 2 (First value mapped) Value 3 (Number of bits)
256 0 8

This color palette is defined to contain the values in Table B.1.2.2-2, where the values in the columns Red,Green and Blue are the values of the Red Palette Color Lookup Table Data (0028,1201), Green Palette Color Lookup Table Data (0028,1202) and Blue Palette Color Lookup Table Data (0028,1203), respectively.

Table B.1.2.2-2 PET Color Palette Data

Red Green Blue
0 0 0
0 2 1
0 4 3
0 6 5
0 8 7
0 10 9
0 12 11
0 14 13
0 16 15
0 18 17
0 20 19
0 22 21
0 24 23
0 26 25
0 28 27
0 30 29
0 32 31
0 34 33
0 36 35
0 38 37
0 40 39
0 42 41
0 44 43
0 46 45
0 48 47
0 50 49
0 52 51
0 54 53
0 56 55
0 58 57
0 60 59
0 62 61
0 65 63
0 67 65
0 69 67
0 71 69
0 73 71
0 75 73
0 77 75
0 79 77
0 81 79
0 83 81
0 85 83
0 87 85
0 89 87
0 91 89
0 93 91
0 95 93
0 97 95
0 99 97
0 101 99
0 103 101
0 105 103
0 107 105
0 109 107
0 111 109
0 113 111
0 115 113
0 117 115
0 119 117
0 121 119
0 123 121
0 125 123
0 128 125
1 126 127
3 124 129
5 122 131
7 120 133
9 118 135
11 116 137
13 114 139
15 112 141
17 110 143
19 108 145
21 106 147
23 104 149
25 102 151
27 100 153
29 98 155
31 96 157
33 94 159
35 92 161
37 90 163
39 88 165
41 86 167
43 84 169
45 82 171
47 80 173
49 78 175
51 76 177
53 74 179
55 72 181
57 70 183
59 68 185
61 66 187
63 64 189
65 63 191
67 61 193
69 59 195
71 57 197
73 55 199
75 53 201
77 51 203
79 49 205
81 47 207
83 45 209
85 43 211
86 41 213
88 39 215
90 37 217
92 35 219
94 33 221
96 31 223
98 29 225
100 27 227
102 25 229
104 23 231
106 21 233
108 19 235
110 17 237
112 15 239
114 13 241
116 11 243
118 9 245
120 7 247
122 5 249
124 3 251
126 1 253
128 0 255
130 2 252
132 4 248
134 6 244
136 8 240
138 10 236
140 12 232
142 14 228
144 16 224
146 18 220
148 20 216
150 22 212
152 24 208
154 26 204
156 28 200
158 30 196
160 32 192
162 34 188
164 36 184
166 38 180
168 40 176
170 42 172
171 44 168
173 46 164
175 48 160
177 50 156
179 52 152
181 54 148
183 56 144
185 58 140
187 60 136
189 62 132
191 64 128
193 66 124
195 68 120
197 70 116
199 72 112
201 74 108
203 76 104
205 78 100
207 80 96
209 82 92
211 84 88
213 86 84
215 88 80
217 90 76
219 92 72
221 94 68
223 96 64
225 98 60
227 100 56
229 102 52
231 104 48
233 106 44
235 108 40
237 110 36
239 112 32
241 114 28
243 116 24
245 118 20
247 120 16
249 122 12
251 124 8
253 126 4
255 128 0
255 130 4
255 132 8
255 134 12
255 136 16
255 138 20
255 140 24
255 142 28
255 144 32
255 146 36
255 148 40
255 150 44
255 152 48
255 154 52
255 156 56
255 158 60
255 160 64
255 162 68
255 164 72
255 166 76
255 168 80
255 170 85
255 172 89
255 174 93
255 176 97
255 178 101
255 180 105
255 182 109
255 184 113
255 186 117
255 188 121
255 190 125
255 192 129
255 194 133
255 196 137
255 198 141
255 200 145
255 202 149
255 204 153
255 206 157
255 208 161
255 210 165
255 212 170
255 214 174
255 216 178
255 218 182
255 220 186
255 222 190
255 224 194
255 226 198
255 228 202
255 230 206
255 232 210
255 234 214
255 236 218
255 238 222
255 240 226
255 242 230
255 244 234
255 246 238
255 248 242
255 250 246
255 252 250
255 255 255

B.1.3 Hot Metal Blue Color Palette

B.1.3.1 Hot Metal Blue Color Palette Description (Informative)

The Hot Metal Blue color palette is often used in nuclear medicine or PET applications to make differences in signal intensity (counts) more apparent to the human observer. A typical example is illustrated in Figure B.1.3.1-1.

[pic]

Figure B.1.3.1-1PET image with Hot Metal Blue Palette applied.

B.1.3.2 Hot Metal Blue Color Palette Definition

The ICC Profile shall define the sRGB space.

The value of Content Label (0070,0080) shall be “HOT_METAL_BLUE”.

This color palette is defined to contain the values for Red Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1101), Green Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1102) and Blue Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1103) defined in Table B.1.3.2-1.

Table B.1.3.2-1 Hot Metal Blue Color Palette Descriptor

Value 1 (Number of entries) Value 2 (First value mapped) Value 3 (Number of bits)
256 0 8

This color palette is defined to contain the values in Table B.1.3.2-2, where the values in the columns Red,Green and Blue are the values of the Red Palette Color Lookup Table Data (0028,1201), Green Palette Color Lookup Table Data (0028,1202) and Blue Palette Color Lookup Table Data (0028,1203), respectively.

Table B.1.3.2-2 Hot Metal Blue Color Palette Data

Red Green Blue
0 0 0
0 0 2
0 0 4
0 0 6
0 0 8
0 0 10
0 0 12
0 0 14
0 0 16
0 0 17
0 0 19
0 0 21
0 0 23
0 0 25
0 0 27
0 0 29
0 0 31
0 0 33
0 0 35
0 0 37
0 0 39
0 0 41
0 0 43
0 0 45
0 0 47
0 0 49
0 0 51
0 0 53
0 0 55
0 0 57
0 0 59
0 0 61
0 0 63
0 0 65
0 0 67
0 0 69
0 0 71
0 0 73
0 0 75
0 0 77
0 0 79
0 0 81
0 0 83
0 0 84
0 0 86
0 0 88
0 0 90
0 0 92
0 0 94
0 0 96
0 0 98
0 0 100
0 0 102
0 0 104
0 0 106
0 0 108
0 0 110
0 0 112
0 0 114
0 0 116
0 0 117
0 0 119
0 0 121
0 0 123
0 0 125
0 0 127
0 0 129
0 0 131
0 0 133
0 0 135
0 0 137
0 0 139
0 0 141
0 0 143
0 0 145
0 0 147
0 0 149
0 0 151
0 0 153
0 0 155
0 0 157
0 0 159
0 0 161
0 0 163
0 0 165
0 0 167
3 0 169
6 0 171
9 0 173
12 0 175
15 0 177
18 0 179
21 0 181
24 0 183
26 0 184
29 0 186
32 0 188
35 0 190
38 0 192
41 0 194
44 0 196
47 0 198
50 0 200
52 0 197
55 0 194
57 0 191
59 0 188
62 0 185
64 0 182
66 0 179
69 0 176
71 0 174
74 0 171
76 0 168
78 0 165
81 0 162
83 0 159
85 0 156
88 0 153
90 0 150
93 2 144
96 4 138
99 6 132
102 8 126
105 9 121
108 11 115
111 13 109
114 15 103
116 17 97
119 19 91
122 21 85
125 23 79
128 24 74
131 26 68
134 28 62
137 30 56
140 32 50
143 34 47
146 36 44
149 38 41
152 40 38
155 41 35
158 43 32
161 45 29
164 47 26
166 49 24
169 51 21
172 53 18
175 55 15
178 56 12
181 58 9
184 60 6
187 62 3
190 64 0
194 66 0
198 68 0
201 70 0
205 72 0
209 73 0
213 75 0
217 77 0
221 79 0
224 81 0
228 83 0
232 85 0
236 87 0
240 88 0
244 90 0
247 92 0
251 94 0
255 96 0
255 98 3
255 100 6
255 102 9
255 104 12
255 105 15
255 107 18
255 109 21
255 111 24
255 113 26
255 115 29
255 117 32
255 119 35
255 120 38
255 122 41
255 124 44
255 126 47
255 128 50
255 130 53
255 132 56
255 134 59
255 136 62
255 137 65
255 139 68
255 141 71
255 143 74
255 145 76
255 147 79
255 149 82
255 151 85
255 152 88
255 154 91
255 156 94
255 158 97
255 160 100
255 162 103
255 164 106
255 166 109
255 168 112
255 169 115
255 171 118
255 173 121
255 175 124
255 177 126
255 179 129
255 181 132
255 183 135
255 184 138
255 186 141
255 188 144
255 190 147
255 192 150
255 194 153
255 196 156
255 198 159
255 200 162
255 201 165
255 203 168
255 205 171
255 207 174
255 209 176
255 211 179
255 213 182
255 215 185
255 216 188
255 218 191
255 220 194
255 222 197
255 224 200
255 226 203
255 228 206
255 229 210
255 231 213
255 233 216
255 235 219
255 237 223
255 239 226
255 240 229
255 242 232
255 244 236
255 246 239
255 248 242
255 250 245
255 251 249
255 253 252
255 255 255

B.1.4 PET 20 Step Color Palette

B.1.4.1 PET 20 Step Color Palette Description (Informative)

The PET 20 Step color palette is often used in PET applications to make differences in signal intensity (counts) more apparent to the human observer. A typical example is illustrated in Figure B.1.4.1-1.

[pic]

Figure B.1.4.1-1PET image with PET 20 Step Palette applied.

B.1.4.2 PET 20 Step Color Palette Definition

The ICC Profile shall define the sRGB space.

The value of Content Label (0070,0080) shall be “PET_20_STEP”.

This color palette is defined to contain the values for Red Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1101), Green Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1102) and Blue Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1103) defined in Table B.1.4.2-1.

Table B.1.4.2-1 PET 20 Step Color Palette Descriptor

Value 1 (Number of entries) Value 2 (First value mapped) Value 3 (Number of bits)
256 0 8

This color palette is defined to contain the values in Table B.1.4.2-2, where the values in the columns Red,Green and Blue are the values of the Red Palette Color Lookup Table Data (0028,1201), Green Palette Color Lookup Table Data (0028,1202) and Blue Palette Color Lookup Table Data (0028,1203), respectively.

Table B.1.4.2-2 PET 20 Step Color Palette Data

Red Green Blue
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
96 0 80
96 0 80
96 0 80
96 0 80
96 0 80
96 0 80
96 0 80
96 0 80
96 0 80
96 0 80
96 0 80
96 0 80
96 0 80
48 48 80
48 48 80
48 48 80
48 48 80
48 48 80
48 48 80
48 48 80
48 48 80
48 48 80
48 48 80
48 48 80
48 48 80
48 48 80
48 48 112
48 48 112
48 48 112
48 48 112
48 48 112
48 48 112
48 48 112
48 48 112
48 48 112
48 48 112
48 48 112
48 48 112
80 80 128
80 80 128
80 80 128
80 80 128
80 80 128
80 80 128
80 80 128
80 80 128
80 80 128
80 80 128
80 80 128
80 80 128
80 80 128
96 96 176
96 96 176
96 96 176
96 96 176
96 96 176
96 96 176
96 96 176
96 96 176
96 96 176
96 96 176
96 96 176
96 96 176
96 96 176
112 112 192
112 112 192
112 112 192
112 112 192
112 112 192
112 112 192
112 112 192
112 112 192
112 112 192
112 112 192
112 112 192
112 112 192
112 112 192
128 128 224
128 128 224
128 128 224
128 128 224
128 128 224
128 128 224
128 128 224
128 128 224
128 128 224
128 128 224
128 128 224
128 128 224
48 96 48
48 96 48
48 96 48
48 96 48
48 96 48
48 96 48
48 96 48
48 96 48
48 96 48
48 96 48
48 96 48
48 96 48
48 96 48
48 144 48
48 144 48
48 144 48
48 144 48
48 144 48
48 144 48
48 144 48
48 144 48
48 144 48
48 144 48
48 144 48
48 144 48
48 144 48
80 192 80
80 192 80
80 192 80
80 192 80
80 192 80
80 192 80
80 192 80
80 192 80
80 192 80
80 192 80
80 192 80
80 192 80
80 192 80
64 224 64
64 224 64
64 224 64
64 224 64
64 224 64
64 224 64
64 224 64
64 224 64
64 224 64
64 224 64
64 224 64
64 224 64
224 224 80
224 224 80
224 224 80
224 224 80
224 224 80
224 224 80
224 224 80
224 224 80
224 224 80
224 224 80
224 224 80
224 224 80
224 224 80
208 208 96
208 208 96
208 208 96
208 208 96
208 208 96
208 208 96
208 208 96
208 208 96
208 208 96
208 208 96
208 208 96
208 208 96
208 208 96
208 176 64
208 176 64
208 176 64
208 176 64
208 176 64
208 176 64
208 176 64
208 176 64
208 176 64
208 176 64
208 176 64
208 176 64
208 176 64
208 144 0
208 144 0
208 144 0
208 144 0
208 144 0
208 144 0
208 144 0
208 144 0
208 144 0
208 144 0
208 144 0
208 144 0
192 96 0
192 96 0
192 96 0
192 96 0
192 96 0
192 96 0
192 96 0
192 96 0
192 96 0
192 96 0
192 96 0
192 96 0
192 96 0
176 48 0
176 48 0
176 48 0
176 48 0
176 48 0
176 48 0
176 48 0
176 48 0
176 48 0
176 48 0
176 48 0
176 48 0
176 48 0
255 0 0
255 0 0
255 0 0
255 0 0
255 0 0
255 0 0
255 0 0
255 0 0
255 0 0
255 0 0
255 0 0
255 0 0
255 0 0
255 255 255
255 255 255
255 255 255
255 255 255
255 255 255
255 255 255
255 255 255
255 255 255
255 255 255
255 255 255
255 255 255
255 255 255
255 255 255

B.2 Localized Standard Color Palette Description Values

B.2.1 French

Table B.2.1-1 French Standard Color Palette Description Values

Content Label (0070,0080) English Value of Content Description (0070,0081) French Value of Content Description (0070,0081)
HOT_IRON Hot Iron Hot Iron
PET PET TEP
HOT_METAL_BLUE Hot Metal Blue Hot Metal Blue
PET_20_STEP PET 20 Step TEP Vingt étapes

Note: In France, the English terms for “Hot Iron” and “Hot Metal Blue” are used.

B.2.2 German

Table B.2.2-1 German Standard Color Palette Description Values

Content Label (0070,0080) English Value of Content Description (0070,0081) German Value of Content Description (0070,0081)
HOT_IRON Hot Iron Heisses Eisen
PET PET PET
HOT_METAL_BLUE Hot Metal Blue Heisses Metallblau
PET_20_STEP PET 20 Step PET 20 Schritte