DICOM has adopted an encoding method for Japanese character sets that is similar to the method for Internet practice.
The major protocols for the Internet such as SMTP, NNTP and HTTP adopt the encoding method for Japanese characters called “ISO-2022-JP” as described in RFC 1468, Japanese Character Encoding for Internet Messages. There is also a less commonly used Internet practice called “ISO-2022-JP-2” described in RFC 1554, which supports a larger repertoire of character sets and additionally requires an escape to a single-byte character set before encoding a SPACE (unlike DICOM and ISO-2022-JP).
The character sets supported for the Japanese language in DICOM and Internet practice are:
|ASCII (ISO-IR 6) JIS X 0201 Katakana (ISO-IR 13) JIS X 0201 Romaji (ISO-IR 14) JIS X 0208 Kanji (ISO-IR 87) JIS X 0212 Kanji (ISO-IR 159)||ASCII (ISO-IR 6) JIS-X 0201 Romaji (ISO-IR 14) JIS X 0208-1978 Kanji (ISO-IR 42) JIS-X 0208-1983 Kanji (ISO-IR 87)||ASCII (ISO-IR 6) ISO8859-1 (ISO-IR 100) ISO8859-7 Greek (ISO-IR 126) JIS X 0201 Romaji (ISO-IR 14) JIS X 0208-1978 Kanji (ISO-IR 42) JIS X 0208-1983 Kanji (ISO-IR 87) JIS X 0212-1990 Kanji (ISO-IR 159) GB2312-1980 (ISO-IR 58) KSC5601-1987 (ISO-IR 149)|
The Control Character sets supported in DICOM and Internet practice are:
|DICOM||ISO-2022-JP and ISO-2022-JP-2|
|LF (00/10) FF (00/12) CR (00/13) ESC (01/11)||LF (00/10) CR (00/13) SO (00/14) SI (00/15) ESC (01/11)|