The International Standards Organization (ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG10) has prepared an International Standard, ISO/IEC-15444 (JPEG 2000), for the digital compression and coding of continuous-tone still images. This standard is known as the JPEG 2000 Standard.
The JPEG 2000 Standard sets out requirements and implementation guidelines for the coded representation of compressed image data to be interchanged between applications. The processes and representations are intended to be generic in order to support the broad range of applications for color and grayscale still images for the purpose of communications and storage within computer systems.
Though a different coding process from those specified in ISO 10918-1 is used, the syntax of the encoded bit stream is closely related.
A single JPEG 2000 process is used for bit depths up to 16 bits.
Inclusion of a JPEG 2000 coded image in a DICOM message is facilitated by the use of specific Transfer Syntaxes that are defined in Annex A.