A.3 DICOM big endian transfer syntax (explicit VR)

This Transfer Syntax applies to the encoding of the entire DICOM Data Set. This implies that when a DICOM Data Set is being encoded with the DICOM Big Endian Transfer Syntax the following requirements shall be met:

a) The Data Elements contained in the Data Set structure shall be encoded with Explicit VR (with a VR Field) as specified in Section 7.1.2.

b) The encoding of the overall Data Set structure (Data Element Tags, Value Length, and Value) shall be in Big Endian as specified in Section 7.3.

c) The encoding of the Data Elements of the Data Set shall be as follows according to their Value Representations:

⎯ For all Value Representations defined in this part, except for the Value Representations OB and OW, the encoding shall be in Big Endian as specified in Section 7.3.

⎯ For the Value Representations OB and OW, the encoding shall meet the following specification depending on the Data Element Tag:

⎯ Data Element (7FE0,0010) Pixel Data

⎯ where Bits Allocated (0028,0100) has a value greater than 8 shall have Value Representation OW and shall be encoded in Big Endian;

⎯ where Bits Allocated (0028,0100) has a value less than or equal to 8 shall have the Value Representation OB or OW and shall be encoded in Big Endian.

⎯ Data Element (60xx,3000) Overlay Data

⎯ shall have the Value Representation OB or OW and shall be encoded in Big Endian.

Note: Previous versions of the Standard specified that the choice of OB or OW VR was based on whether or not Overlay Bits Allocated (60xx,0100) was greater than, or less than or equal to, 8. However, since only one bit plane can be encoded in each Overlay Data Element (60xx,3000), no value of Overlay Bits Allocated other than 1 makes sense. Such a restriction is now present in PS 3.3.

⎯ Data Element (5400,1010) Waveform Data has the Value Representation specified in its Explicit VR Field. The component points shall be encoded in Big Endian.

⎯ Data Elements (0028,1201), (0028,1202), (0028,1203), (0028,1204) Red, Green, Blue, Alpha Palette Lookup Table Data have the Value Representation OW and shall be encoded in Big Endian.

Note: Previous versions of the Standard either did not specify the encoding of Data Elements (0028,1201), (0028,1202), (0028,1203) in this Part, but specified a VR of US or SS in PS 3.6 (1993), or specified OW in this Part but a VR of US, SS or OW in PS 3.6 (1996). The actual encoding of the values and their byte order would be identical in each case, though the explicitly encoded VR field would be different. However, an explicit VR of US or SS cannot be used to encode a table of 2 16 elements, since the Value Length is restricted to 16 bits.

⎯ Data Elements (0028,1101), (0028,1102),(0028,1103) Red, Green, Blue Palette Lookup Table Descriptor have the Value Representation SS or US (depending on rules specified in the IOD in PS 3.3), and shall be encoded in Big Endian. The first and third values are always interpreted as unsigned, regardless of the Value Representation.

⎯ Data Elements (0028,1221), (0028,1222), (0028,1223) Segmented Red, Green, Blue Palette Color Lookup Table Data have the Value Representation OW and shall be encoded in Big Endian.

⎯ Data Element (0028,3006) LUT Data has the Value Representation US or OW and shall be encoded in Big Endian.

Note: Previous versions of the Standard did not specify the encoding of these Data Elements in this Part, but specified a VR of US or SS in PS 3.6 (1998). However, an explicit VR of US or SS cannot be used to encode a table of 2 16 elements, since the Value Length is restricted to 16 bits. Hence a VR of OW has been added. Moreover this element is always unsigned, therefore the VR of SS has been removed. The actual encoding of the values and their byte order would be identical in each case, though the explicitly encoded VR field would be different.

⎯ Data Element (0028,3002) LUT Descriptor has the Value Representation SS or US (depending on rules specified in the IOD in PS 3.3), and shall be encoded in Big Endian. The first and third values are always interpreted as unsigned, regardless of the Value Representation.

─ Data Element (0028,1408) Blending Lookup Table Data has the Value Representation OW and shall be encoded in Big Endian.

Notes: 1. For Data encoded with the Value Representation OB, the Data encoding is unaffected by Little Endian or Big Endian byte ordering.

2. Encoding of Curve Data and Audio Sample Data was previously defined but has been retired. See PS 3.5 2004.

This DICOM Explicit VR Big Endian Transfer Syntax shall be identified by a UID of Value "1.2.840.10008.1.2.2".