C.8.8.6 ROI Contour Module

In general, a ROI can be defined by either a sequence of overlays or a sequence of contours. This module, if present, is used to define the ROI as a set of contours. Each ROI contains a sequence of one or more contours, where a contour is either a single point (for a point ROI) or more than one point (representing an open or closed polygon).

Table C.8-42—ROI CONTOUR MODULE ATTRIBUTES

Attribute Name Tag Type Attribute Description
ROI Contour Sequence (3006,0039) 1 Introduces sequence of Contour Sequences defining ROIs. One or more items shall be included in this sequence.
>Referenced ROI Number (3006,0084) 1 Uniquely identifies the referenced ROI described in the Structure Set ROI Sequence (3006,0020).
>ROI Display Color (3006,002A) 3 RGB triplet color representation for ROI, specified using the range 0-255.
>Contour Sequence (3006,0040) 3 Introduces sequence of Contours defining ROI. One or more items are permitted in this sequence.
>>Contour Number (3006,0048) 3 Identification number of the contour. The value of Contour Number (3006,0048) shall be unique within the Contour Sequence (3006,0040) in which it is defined. No semantics or ordering shall be inferred from this attribute.
>>Attached Contours (3006,0049) 3 List of Contour Number (3006,0048) defining lower-numbered contour(s) to which the current contour is connected.
>>Contour Image Sequence (3006,0016) 3 Introduces sequence of images containing the contour. One or more items are permitted in this sequence.
>>>Include ‘Image SOP Instance Reference Macro’ Table 10-3
>>Contour Geometric Type (3006,0042) 1 Geometric type of contour. See C.8.8.6.1. Enumerated Values: POINT = single point OPEN_PLANAR = open contour containing coplanar points OPEN_NONPLANAR = open contour containing non-coplanar points CLOSED_PLANAR = closed contour (polygon) containing coplanar points
>>Contour Slab Thickness (3006,0044) 3 Thickness of slab (in mm) represented by contour, where the Contour Data (3006,0050) defines a plane in the center of the slab, offset by the Contour Offset Vector (3006,0045) if it is present. See C.8.8.6.2.
>>Contour Offset Vector (3006,0045) 3 Vector (x,y,z) in the the patient based coordinate system described in C.7.6.2.1.1 which is normal to plane of Contour Data (3006,0050), describing direction and magnitude of the offset (in mm) of each point of the central plane of a contour slab from the corresponding original point of Contour Data (3006,0050). See C.8.8.6.2.
>>Number of Contour Points (3006,0046) 1 Number of points (triplets) in Contour Data (3006,0050).
>>Contour Data (3006,0050) 1 Sequence of (x,y,z) triplets defining a contour in the patient based coordinate system described in C.7.6.2.1.1 (mm). See C.8.8.6.1 and C.8.8.6.3. Note: Contour Data may not be properly encoded if Explicit-VR transfer syntax is used and the VL of this attribute exceeds 65534 bytes.

C.8.8.6.1 Contour Geometric Type

A contour can be one of the following geometric types:

- A Contour Geometric Type (3006,0042) of POINT indicates that the contour is a single point, defining a specific location of significance.

- A Contour Geometric Type (3006,0042) of OPEN_PLANAR indicates that the last vertex shall not be connected to the first point, and that all points in Contour Data (3006,0050) shall be coplanar.

- A Contour Geometric Type (3006,0042) of OPEN_NONPLANAR indicates that the last vertex shall not be connected to the first point, and that the points in Contour Data (3006,0050) may be non-coplanar. Contours having a Geometric Type (3006,0042) of OPEN_NONPLANAR can be used to represent objects best described by a single, possibly non-coplanar curve, such as a brachytherapy applicator.

- A Contour Geometric Type (3006,0042) of CLOSED_PLANAR indicates that the last point shall be connected to the first point, where the first point is not repeated in the Contour Data (3006,0050). All points in Contour Data (3006,0050) shall be coplanar.

C.8.8.6.2 Contour Slab Thickness

A set of Contour slabs may define a multi-slab Volume of Interest. Contour Slab Thickness (3006,0044) shall specify the thickness of a slab, the central plane of which shall be defined by the set of points offset from Contour Data (3006,0050) by the value of Contour Offset Vector (3006,0045). One contour slab may contain one to many sets of Contour Data (3006,0050) that may define regions of one complex Volume of Interest. If no valid value of Contour Slab Thickness (3006,0044) is sent, then the offset value shall be (0,0,0) and the original Contour Data (3006,0050) shall define the central plane of the Contour slab.

C.8.8.6.3 Representing Inner and Outer Contours on an Image

When a single ROI describes an excluded inner volume, this can be encoded with a single contour, using a “keyhole” technique. In this method, an arbitrarily narrow channel is used to connect the outer contour to the inner contour, so that it is drawn as a single contour. An example of such a structure is shown in Figure C.8.8.6-1

Points in space lying along the path defined by the contour are considered to be inside the ROI.

[pic]

Figure C.8.8.6-1Example of ROI with excluded inner volume