The following definitions are commonly used in this part of the Standard:
3.8.1 Attribute tag: A unique identifier for an Attribute of an Information Object composed of an ordered pair of numbers (a Group Number followed by an Element number).
3.8.2 Composite IOD: an Information Object Definition which represents parts of several entities in the DICOM Application Model. Such an IOD includes Attributes which are not inherent in the Real-World Object that the IOD represents but rather are inherent in related Real-World Objects.
3.8.3 Derived image: an image in which the pixel data was constructed from pixel data of one or more other images (source images).
3.8.4 DICOM information model: an Entity-Relationship diagram which is used to model the relationships between the Information Object Definitions representing classes of Real-World Objects defined by the DICOM Application Model.
3.8.5 DICOM application model: an Entity-Relationship diagram used to model the relationships between Real-World Objects which are within the area of interest of the DICOM Standard.
3.8.6 Information entity: that portion of information defined by a Composite IOD which is related to one specific class of Real-World Object. There is a one-to-one correspondence between Information Entities and entities in the DICOM Application Model .
3.8.7 Information object definition (IOD): a data abstraction of a class of similar Real-World Objects which defines the nature and Attributes relevant to the class of Real-World Objects represented.
3.8.8 Module: A set of Attributes within an Information Entity or Normalized IOD which are logically related to each other.
3.8.9 Multi-frame image: Image that contains multiple two-dimensional pixel planes.
3.8.10 Normalized IOD: an Information Object Definition which represents a single entity in the DICOM Application Model. Such an IOD includes Attributes which are only inherent in the Real-World Object that the IOD represents.
3.8.11 Cine run: A set of temporally related frames acquired at constant or variable frame rates. This term incorporates the general class of serialography .
Note: A Cine run is typically encoded as a multi-frame image.
Specialization: Specialization is the replacement of the Type, value range and/or description of an Attribute in a general Module of an IOD, by its Type, value range and/or description defined in a modality-specific Module of an IOD.
Note: The same Attribute may be present in multiple Modules in the same IOD but not specified to be “Specialized”.
Functional Group: A set of logically related Attributes that are likely to vary together. May be used in Multi-frame IODs to describe parameters which change on a per frame basis.
Code Sequence Attribute: Attribute that (usually) includes the string "Code Sequence" in the Attribute Name and has a VR of SQ (Sequence of Items). Its purpose is to encode concepts using code values and optional text meanings from coding schemes. Sections 8.1 through 8.8 specify the Attributes of which the Sequence Items (Attribute Sets) of Code Sequence Attributes are constructed.