The following standards contain provisions that, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this Standard. At the time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject to revision, and parties to agreements based on this Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibilities of applying the most recent editions of the standards indicated below.
UCUM Unified Code for Units of Measure, Regenstrief Institute for Health Care, Indianapolis 2000.
LOINC® Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes, Regenstrief Institute for Health Care, Indianapolis 2000.
SNOMED CT( Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine – Clinical Terms, International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO)
JJ1017 Guidelines for HIS, RIS, PACS – Modality Data Communication on Scheduling, Billing, and Examination Records, JJ1017 Version 3.0, Japan Industries Association of Radiological Systems (JIRA) and Japanese Association of Healthcare Information Systems Industry (JAHIS), 2001October 5, 2005, available from http://www.jira-net.or.jp/commission/system/04_information/files/JJ1017VER3_20051005.doc
RFC 3066 Tags for the Identification of Languages, Internet Engineering Task Force
IEC 60601-2-44 Medical Electrical Equipment – Part 2-44: Particular Requirements for the Safety of X-Ray Equipment for Computed Tomography
ISO 639 Codes for the representation of names of languages, International Organization for Standardization
ISO 3166 Codes for the representation of names of countries, International Organization for Standardization
ASTM E 1762-04 Standard Guide for Electronic Authentication of Health Care Information, ASTM International
ASTM E 2084-00 Standard Specification for Authentication of Healthcare Information Using Digital Signatures, ASTM International
HL7 v3 CMET Health Level Seven Version 3 Standard: Common Message Element Types
RadLex A Lexicon for Uniform Indexing and Retrieval of Radiology Information Resources, RSNA, Chicago 2006. Available at “http://www.radlex.org/”.
ETDRS ETDRS Report Number 10, Grading Diabetic Retinopathy from Stereoscopic Color Fundus Photographs- An Extension of the Modified Airlie House Classification. Ophthalmology, May 1991, vol98 (p786-805), Supplement
NEMA XR 25-2010 Computed Tomography Dose Check Standard, National Electrical Manufacturers Association, Rosslyn, Virginia 2010. http://www.nema.org/stds/xr25.cfm
ISO/IEEE 11073-10101 Health informatics – Point-of-care medical device communication – Nomenclature
ISO/IEEE 11073-10102 Health informatics – Point-of-care medical device communication – Annotated ECG – Nomenclature
Extracts of ISO/IEEE 11073 reprinted by permission of IEEE.
This material includes an extract of SNOMED Clinical Terms® (SNOMED CT®), which is used by permission of the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO). All rights reserved. SNOMED CT®, was originally created by The College of American Pathologists. “SNOMED” and “SNOMED CT” are registered trademarks of the IHTSDO.
All the SNOMED terms used in this Standard are the subject of a royalty pre-paid licensing agreement between NEMA and CAP that allows their use in DICOM applications without further license or payment of fee.
BI-RADS® Terminology and Nomenclature
A portion of the terminology used within the Mammography CAD SR SOP Class and the Breast Imaging Report and Relevant Patient Information for Breast Imaging templates is derived from BI-RADS®, a copyrighted lexicon of breast imaging terminology and nomenclature licensed by DICOM from the American College of Radiology. BI-RADS® publications are available from the American College of Radiology (http://www.acr.org).
MQCM 1999 Terminology and Nomenclature
References to MQCM 1999 are made in the description of the Mammography CAD SR SOP Class. In this MQCM 1999 refers to the Mammography Quality Control Manual 1999, available from the American College of Radiology. This document describes a standardized approach to mammographic acquisition standards, patient positioning, and so on. The DICOM standard does not require Mammography CAD SR SOP Class implementations to adhere to MQCM 1999.
MQSA Terminology and Nomenclature
References to MQSA are made in the description of the Mammography CAD SR SOP Class. In this MQSA refers to the Mammography Quality Standards Act final rules. While MQSA is a federal regulation of the United States government, it provides the only widely published standards for mammographic quality and is incorporated in this document for that reason. The DICOM standard does not require Mammography CAD SR SOP Class implementations to adhere to MQSA.
ACR Position Statement
American College of Radiology. ACR Position Statement. In: Standards. Reston, Va: 2001:iv.
Fraser and Pare Terminology
References to [Fraser and Pare] are made in the description of the Chest CAD SR templates and context groups. Specifically, these references are to the “Terms Used in Chest Radiology” and “Terms For CT of the Lungs”, from Fraser and Pare’s Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest , Fourth Edition, Volume I, pp. xvii-xxxi and pp. xxxiii-xxxvi, respectively.
Performance of CT for Detection of Pulmonary Embolism in Adults
American College of Radiology. ACR Standard for the Performance of Computed Tomography for the Detection of Pulmonary Embolism in Adults. In: Standards. Reston, Va: 2001:109-113.
Performance of High-Resolution CT of the Lungs in Adults
American College of Radiology. ACR Standard for the Performance of High-Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) of the Lungs in Adults. In: Standards. Reston, Va: 2001:115-118.
Performance of Pediatric and Adult Chest Radiography, ACR
American College of Radiology. ACR Standard for the Performance of Pediatric and Adult Chest Radiography. In: Standards. Reston, Va: 2001:95-98.
Performance of Pediatric and Adult Thoracic CT
American College of Radiology. ACR Standard for the Performance of Pediatric and Adult Thoracic Computed Tomography (CT). In: Standards. Reston, Va: 2001:103-107.
References to the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors are made from the Chest CAD SR templates and context groups. These references are based on the article “New Guidelines to Evaluate the Response to Treatment in Solid Tumors”, by Patrick Therasse et.al., Journal of the National Cancer Institute , Vol. 92, No. 3, February 2, 2000, pp. 205-216. See also http://www.eortc.be/recist/ .
WHO Handbook for Reporting Results for Cancer Treatment, World Health Organization, Geneva, 1979, WHO Offset Publication No. 48. See also http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/9241700483.pdf.
Manuel D. Cerqueira, et al., " AHA Scientific Statement: Standardized Myocardial Segmentation and Nomenclature for Tomographic Imaging of the Heart", Circulation. 2002;105:539, available online at “http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/105/4/539”.
Quantitation of the Left Ventricle
Recommendations for Quantitation of the Left Ventricle by Two-Dimensional Echocardiography , Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, Vol 2, No 5 358-367, Oct 1989.
American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Cancer Staging Handbook, from the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, Sixth Edition, Springer-Verlag, 2002 [ISBN 0-387-95270-5].
Quantitative Arteriography and Ventriculography
[Sheehan, 1986] Sheehan FH, Bolson EL, Dodge HT, Mathey DG, Schofer J, Woo HW (1986) Advantages and applications of the centerline method for characterizing regional ventricular function. Circulation 74:293-305
[Slager] Slager CJ, Hooghoudt TE, Serruys PW, Schuurbiers JC, Reiber JH, Meester GT, Verdouw PD, Hugenholtz PG. Quantitative assessment of regional left ventricular motion using endocardial landmarks. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1986;7:317-26.
[Kennedy, 1970] Kennedy JW, Trenholme SE, Kasser IS (1970) Left ventricular volume and mass from single-plane cineangiocardiogram. A comparison of anteroposterior and right anterior oblique methods. Am Heart J 80:343
[Dodge, 1960] Dodge HT, Sandler H, Ballew DW, Lord JD (1960) The use of biplane angiocardiography for the measurement of left ventricular volume in man. Am Heart J 60:762
[Wynne] Wynne J, Green LH, Mann T, Levin D, Grossman W (1978) Estimation of left ventricular volumes in man from biplane cineangiograms filmed in oblique projections. Am J Cardiol 41: 726
[Boak] Boak, J. G., Bove, A. A., Kreulen, T. & Spann, J. F. A geometric basis for calculation of right ventricular volume in man. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn 3, 217-30, 1977.
[Ferlinz] Ferlinz, J. Measurements of right ventricular volumes in man from single plane cineangiograms. A comparison to the biplane approach. Am Heart J 94, 87-90, 1977.
[Graham] Graham, T. P., Jr., Jarmakani, J. M., Atwood, G. F. & Canent, R. V., Jr. Right ventricular volume determinations in children. Normal values and observations with volume or pressure overload. Circulation 47, 144-53, 1973.
[Arcilla] Arcilla RA, Tsai P, Thilenius 0, Ranniger K (1971) Angiographic method for volume estimation of right and left ventricles. Chest 60:446
“American College of Cardiology Clinical Expert Consensus Document on Standards for Acquisition, Measurement and Reporting of Intravascular Ultrasound Studies (IVUS)” - Journal of the American College of Cardiology - Vol. 37, No. 5, 2001. ISSN 0735-1097.
“Clinical Application and Image Interpretation in Intravascular Ultrasound”, edited by the Working Group of Coronary Circulation (now Interventional Cardiology) and Subgroup on Intravascular Ultrasound of the Working Group of Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology – European Heart Journal Vol 19, 1998, pages 207-229
Tobis & Yock, Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging, 1992. ISBN: 0443088098
C-RADS CT Colonography Reporting and Data System
Based on “CT Colonography Reporting and Data System: A Consensus Proposal”, Radiology July 2005; 236:3-9.
[Eggli et. al.1998] S. Eggli, M. Pisan, and M. E. Müller, “The value of preoperative planning for total hip arthroplasty,” J Bone Joint Surg Br 80-B, Nr. 3 (May 1, 1998): 382-390.